origins of agriculture and crop domestication

proceedings of the Harlan Symposium, 10-14 May 1997, Aleppo, Syria
  • 352 Pages
  • 0.68 MB
  • English
Published jointly by ICARDA, IPGRI, FAO and UC/GRCP, Distributor for North America: Genetic Resources Conservation Program (GRCP), University of California , Aleppo, Syria, Davis, Calif
Harlan, Jack R, Agriculture, Prehistoric -- Middle East -- Congr
Statementedited by A.B. Damania ... [et al.].
SeriesReport no. 21 of the Genetic Resources Conservation Program, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, Report (University of California (System). Genetic Resources Conservation Program) -- no. 21.
ContributionsDamania, A. B., International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas.
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 352 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21095213M
ISBN 109291270849

Their papers are presented in this volume in several sections, grouped under the headings of: Centers of Origin of Crop Plants and Agriculture, Near-Eastern Crop Diversity and its Global Migration, Archaeobotanical Evidence for Agricultural Transitions, Domestication of Crop Plants, Historical Aspects and Crop Evolution, and Conservation of Wild Progenitors.

When de Candolle () initiated the study of crop evolution, his major concern was to identify the geographic origin, i.e., the domestication center, of individual crops.

Distribution of Agricultural Origins: A Global Perspective - J.R. Harlan. Part 1. Centers of Origins of Crop Plants and Agriculture.

Description origins of agriculture and crop domestication FB2

Back to Vavilov: Why Were Plants Domesticated in Some Areas and Not in Others. - J.G. Hawkes Vavilov's Theories of Crop Domestication in the Ancient Mediterranean Area - A.A. Filatenko, A. Diederichsen and K. Hammer. The book begins by discussing cultural change, the domestication of plants, and the origin of agricultural systems in the most general of terms.

It considers Darwinism in some depth, concentrating on the relationship between natural selection and cultural change. Get this from a library. The origins of agriculture and crop domestication: proceedings of the Harlan Symposium, MayAleppo, Syria.

[A B Damania; International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas.;]. Keywords: domestication, crop dispersal, Columbian exchange, genetic bottleneck, biodiversity, center of domestication Contents 1.

Introduction 2. Principal Attributes of Agricultural Origins and Crop Domestication Geography and Ecology of the Origin of Agriculture and Domestication The Concept of Domestication. The book itself is an unparalleled contribution to the interdisciplinary knowledge on the origin of crop plants and Edition: 1.

How agriculture and domestication began Agriculture has no single, simple origin. A wide variety of plants and animals have been independently domesticated at different times and in numerous places. The first agriculture appears to have developed at the closing of the last Pleistocene glacial period, or Ice Age (ab years ago).

history has its origins in Egypt before spreading southwards into the Sahara and then into the rest of Africa.

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Writing in the ’s he says, “The Sahara carries more agricultural history than Egypt.” N.I. Vavilov was also of the opinion of the importance of Ethiopia as ‘a zone of agricultural origin.’. This book has been influential in ethnobotany and in scholarship on the origins of agriculture.

Origins of agriculture and crop domestication book the work of Nikolai Vavilov, Anderson argues that genetic and phenotypic evidence suggests several regions of early domestication and that early cultivation may have begun in dump heaps as plants followed human camp sites.

This shift into agricultural lifestyle triggered the evolution of complex political and economic structures, and technological developments, and ultimately underpinned the rise of all the great civilisations of recent human history.

Domestication of Plants in the Old World reviews and synthesises the information on the origins and domestication Reviews: 4. Agricultural Origins and Dispersals - The Domestication of Animals and Foodstuffs book.

Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers/5(1). Traditional Systems of Plant Food Production and the Origins of Agriculture in West Africa. A Cautionary Case Study from Zambia. The Origins and Domestication of Yams in Africa. History of Crops and Peoples in North Cameroon to AD UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS ECONOMIC BOTANY - Plant Domestication and the Origins of Agriculture - B.C.

Bennett ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems(EOLSS) English in Vavilov argued that centers of the greatest diversity of a crop represented its center of origin. the domestication of plants.

This chapter begins with a brief description of five key theories on the origin of agriculture, including agriculture as a divine gift, agriculture as a discovery, agriculture as a result of stress, agriculture as an extension of gathering, and. The history of agriculture records the domestication of plants and animals and the development and dissemination of techniques for raising them productively.

Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Sauer, Carl Ortwin, Agricultural origins and dispersals.

Cambridge, M.I.T. Press [] (OCoLC)   Researchers at Washington State University and 13 other institutions have found that the arc of prehistory bends towards economic inequality. In the largest study of its kind, the researchers saw disparities in wealth mount with the rise of agriculture, specifically the domestication of plants and large animals, and increased social organization.

the origin of agriculture - by steve gagné. Conclusions. Agricultural origins cannot at present be conclusively proven to have begun close to 10, years ago when additional evidence for agriculture extends further back in prehistory.

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The initial steps toward plant and animal domestication in the Eastern Mediterranean can now be pushed back to the 12th millennium cal B.P. Evidence for herd management and crop cultivation appears at least 1, years earlier than the morphological changes traditionally used to document domestication.

Origins of agriculture - Origins of agriculture - The Americas: Indigenous peoples in the Americas created a variety of agricultural systems that were suited to a wide range of environments, from southern Canada to southern South America and from high elevations in the Andes to the lowlands of the Amazon River.

Agriculture arose independently in at least three regions: South America. The book is very good value for money and forms a good reading companion to the book from the First Harlan Symposium "The Origins of Agriculture and Crop Domestication", Published by ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria in Reviews: 3.

Cattle, goats, sheep and pigs all have their origins as farmed animals in the so-called Fertile Crescent, a region covering eastern Turkey, Iraq and southwestern Iran.

This region kick-started the Neolithic Revolution. Dates for the domestication of these animals range from betw to 10, years ago. Crop variety development has evolved over time, and currently, agricultural biotechnology is a leading approach, with some controversy and many benefits for society.

The Oasis Theory (known variously as the Propinquity Theory or Desiccation Theory) is a core concept in archaeology, referring to one of the main hypotheses about the origins of agriculture: that people started to domesticate plants and animals because they.

Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.

The domestication of plants and animals was a major cultural innovation ranked in importance with the conquest of fire, the manufacturing of. Where did our crops originate. • Evidence for the origins of agriculture comes from archaeological excavations and botanical observations on the distribution of the relatives of our domesticated crops.

Alphonse De Candolle() • Wrote a book “PHYTOGRAPHIE” on the origin of cultivated plants. Origins of Wheat. The origins of our modern wheat, according to genetics and archaeological studies, are found in the Karacadag mountain region of what is today southeastern Turkey—emmer and einkorn wheats are two of the classic eight founder crops of the origins of agriculture.

history of mankind, the term Neolithic Revolution has been coined for this “rapid” transformation. The domestication of crops was preceded by animal domestication with Nomadism the link between animal agriculture and farming.

The first crops domesticated in the. b. The dogs was widely domesticated but likely arrived with early human from Asia as well. Tobacco was widely cultivated as a mild narcotic. History of American agriculture a.

an outline of American history b. history of North Carolina agriculture c. history of Knox County, Ohio agriculture. Buy Agricultural Origins and Dispersals: Domestication of Animals and Foodstuffs by Carl Ortwin Sauer online at Alibris.

We have new and used copies available, in 2 editions - .Humans have domesticated hundreds of plant and animal species as sources of food, fiber, forage, and tools over the p years, with manifold effects on both human society and the genetic structure of the domesticated species.

The outcomes of crop domestication were shaped by selection driven by human preferences, cultivation practices, and agricultural environments, as well as other. Two areas of precocious plant domestication: sub-Andean montane forests (NW) and the shrub savannahs (SW).

• First direct evidence of field polyculture agriculture within closed-canopy agroforestry and low-severity fire management. • Late Holocene spread of Amazonian anthrosols and investment in landesque capital is followed by population.